Averell Family Papers. 1773-1963 (bulk 1790-1880).

Summary Information

New York State Historical Association – Research Library
Averell Family Papers
Coll. No. 82
1773-1963 (bulk 1790-1880)
9.75 Cubic feet + 21 volumes + 2 oversize folders (OVS+)
Funding Source
This finding aid was made available electronically through a Regional Bibliographic Data Bases (RBDB) grant from the South Central Regional Library Council, Ithaca, N.Y.

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Biographical/Historical note

Born in Ashford, Connecticut, in 1763, James Averell, Jr. settled on a farm outside of Cooperstown, New York, circa 1786. In 1792, Averell traded his farm for a tannery in the village. By all accounts, James Averell was a successful tanner and merchant and was actively involved in community life in Cooperstown. He also invested in lands in Cleveland, Ohio, with his son William.

James, Jr. and his wife, Marcy, had eight children, five of whom lived to adulthood. The sons, James III, William Holt, Horatio, and Lewis, assisted with their father’s business ventures as young men and continued to do so as adults. James III eventually settled in Ogdensburg, New York, and Horatio and Lewis settled in St. Johnsville, New York. William Holt settled in Cooperstown and was involved in family business matters, established a law practice, and participated a great deal in the social, economic, and political activities of the village. James, Jr. and Mary Averell’s only daughter, Marcia, married a Cooperstown lawyer, Samuel Starkweather.

Although the activities of the Averell family never reached the level of national importance, James Averell, Jr. and his son, William Holt Averell, had a tremendous impact on economic and community life in Cooperstown and in Otsego County through much of the nineteenth century.

The following chronologies and biographical sketches provide additional information about the Averell family members represented in the Averell Family Papers:

James Averell, Jr. (1763 – ca. 1835)

1763 Born in Ashford, Conn. to James and Mary Walker Averell
ca. 1780 Served in Revolutionary Militia while in Palmer, Massachusetts
ca. 1786 Moved to farm in the vicinity of Cooperstown, New York
ca. 1788 Married Marcy Holt of Pomfret, Connecticut
ca. 1792 Traded farm for tannery in Cooperstown
ca. 1815 Founded Otsego Cotton Manufactory
ca. 1832 Tannery burned

Invested in the Otsego Cotton Manufactory, the Hope Manufactory, and lands in Cleveland, Ohio; appointed coroner in Cooperstown; organized Otsego County Bible Society; served as first collector for the Otsego Academy.

James, Jr., and Marcy Holt Averell had eight children. Five of these lived to adulthood including James III (1789-1861), William Holt (1794-1873), Marcia (1796-1858), Horatio (1801-1854), and Lewis (1803-1854).

James Averell III (1789-1861)

1789 Born in Cooperstown, New York
ca. 1812 Married Lydia Ambler (d. 1885)
1840 Appointed judge of the court of common pleas in St. Lawrence Co., New York

Involved with father’s store and tannery; invested in Otsego Cotton Manufactory and Hope Manufactory; before 1818 settled at Odgensburg, New York, and ran a store there; involved with Ogdensburg bank.

James and Lydia Ambler Averell had four children: Marcia, Mary, James George, and William John. Mary Averell married Thomas C. Knap.

William Holt Averell (1794-1873)

1794 Born In Cooperstown
1808 Enrolled in Cooperstown Academy
1810-1812 Attended Fairfield Academy, Herkimer County, New York
1816 Graduated from Union College, Schenectady, New York; studied law with Samuel Starkweather, Cooperstown
1817 Attended Litchfield Academy of Law, Connecticut
1819 Received his law license
1830 Founder and stockholder of Otsego County Bank (also served as President)
1830 Married Jane Russell (1805-1833) of Claverack, New York
1838 Ran for Congress; lost to John Prentiss
ca. 1841 Appointed Bank Commissioner for New York State

As a young man, worked in his father’s store and tannery. As an adult, involved with the settlement of William Cooper’s estate; involved with mills and manufactories, including Otsego Cotton Manufactory and Hope Factory, among others; invested in land in Michigan (with Horace Comstock), in Cleveland, Ohio (with James Averell, Jr.), and in various areas of New York State; involved with political activities in Otsego County; involved with the Cooperstown Seminary; vestryman at Christ Church, Cooperstown, New York; member of volunteer fire department, Cooperstown.

William Holt and Jane Russell Averell had one child who lived to adulthood, Jane Maria Russell Averell (b. 1833). Jane Russell Averell died in childbirth.

Jane Maria Russell Averell attended the Cooperstown Seminary and later married Willian Lawson Carter. William Lawson and Jane Averell Carter had six children: William Averell (1858-1865), Jane Russell Averell (b. 1860), Mary Gale (b. 1862), Anna Grace (b. 1864), Marcia Holt (1866-1880), and Lawson Averell (b. 1869).

Marcia Averell Starkweather (1796-1858)

1796 Born in Cooperstown

Married Samuel Starkweather, the Cooperstown attorney with whom William Holt Averell studied. Starkweather was also a stockholder in the Otsego Cotton Mill.

Samuel and Marcia Averell Starkweather had two daughters: Helen Starkweather (married Mr. Pinckney) and Maria Averell Starkweather (married William M. Campbell).

Horatio Averell (1801-1854)

1801 Born in Cooperstown
1823 Married Jane Hogeboom Webb

Stockholder in Hope Manufactory; part owner (with brother Lewis) of store in St. Johnsville that served as an outlet for goods produced by James, Jr. et. al.

Horatio and Jane Webb Averell had two children: Jane Webb (b. 1824; married Col. Theodore Laidley); and James Watson Webb (1826-1876).

Lewis Averell (1803-1854)

1803 Born in Cooperstown

Lived in Little Falls, New York; in 1838 relocated to St. Johnsville, New York, where he was part owner of store (with brother Horatio); married to Celia(?); stockholder in Hope Manufactory.

Lewis and Celia had one adopted son, Charles Lewis Averell. Both Celia and Charles Lewis are believed to have been mentally deficient. Charles attended Grove Hill Family School, Pepperell, Massachusetts. William Holt Averell evidently served as Charles’ guardian following Lewis’ death.

Other people of interest:

Horace Comstock (d. 1861): William Holt Averell’s associate and agent dealing with land investments in Otsego, Michigan, 1839-1853; Michigan State Senator, 1835, 1837; married Sarah Sabina Cooper, 1833

Stephen Hogeboom: Jane Russell Averell’s grandfather

Winiple Family: In-laws to William Holt Averell

Ayery Averell: According to the “Averell-Averill-Avery Genealogy,” this person was “associated in some way with this family, and buried beside them”

Lawson Carter (b. 1869): Son of William Lawson and Jane Maria Russell Averell Carter

Charles Carter Cullen (1839-1894): Jane Maria Russell Averell Carter’s brother-in-law

For additional information about William Holt Averell and his family, please consult the following sources (available in the NYSHA Library):

DeMers, Donald Osgood, Jr. “William Holt Averell: His Business and Political Career in Relation to Otsego County, New York 1794-1873.” Masters thesis, State University at Oneonta, 1972.

Avery, Clara A.
The Averell-Averill-Avery Family 1637-1914. Cleveland: Evangelical Publishing House, n.d.

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Scope and Content Note

The Averell Family Papers consist primarily of the personal, business, and legal papers of William Holt Averell of Cooperstown, New York. The collection also includes a substantial number of papers relating to or written by James Averell, Jr., William Holt Averell’s father. In addition, the collection includes papers relating to other members of the Averell family and genealogical information regarding the Averell, Carter, Slayton, and Waldby families. The date range is mostly from 1790 to 1880.

The focal point of the collection is William Holt Averell and his activities as a businessman, investing in mills and industry, his work as an attorney settling land and estate disputes (including disputes about the estate of William Cooper), his activities as an investor in land (in New York State, Ohio, and Michigan), his work as the founder and president of the Otsego County Bank, and his role as a prominent community leader in Cooperstown. With the exception of the James Averell, Jr. papers mentioned earlier, the papers of other Averell family members consist primarily of correspondence to William Holt Averell. The correspondence among family members provides a glimpse into the more personal side of the Averells’ lives.

This collection documents many facets of the the business ventures of the Averell family. It includes records from the tannery operated by James, Jr. (with the help of his sons), records relating to the cotton manufactories and mills owned and operated by the family, and papers documenting the business and legal activities of individual family members, particularly William Holt Averell.

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Arrangement note

The Averell Family Papers are not organized strictly into series. The following serves as a general guide to the organization of the collection:

James Averell, Jr. Box 82.1.

The business and legal papers of James Averell, Jr., ca. 1794-1832, include primarily deeds, bills, receipts, correspondence, agreements, accounts, and bonds. This box also contains papers concerning Cornelius Wilegus and the Ithaca Tannery. The James Averell, Jr. papers are generally arranged chronologically. Some documents such as a). Accounts — December 1800 – July 1801, and marks on hides, 1807-1810; b). Bills and tax for Cooperstown Schoolhouse, 1809; and c). Otsego County Agricultural Society Certificate, 1818; have been filed individually within the chronological arrangement.

Averell Family (Averell brothers). Box 82.2.

Primarily correspondence to William Holt Averell from his brothers James, Horatio, and Lewis. Other papers relating to or written by William Holt Averell’s brothers are also included. The papers are arranged by family member and organized chronologically within that arrangement.

Averell Family (other family members). Box 82.3.

Papers relating to William Holt Averell’s sister, Marcia, his daughter, Jane, and his nieces and nephews. Most of this material consists of correspondence to William Holt Averell. The papers are arranged by family member and organized chronologically within that arrangement.

William Cooper Estate. Box 82.3.

Papers relating to the settlement of William Cooper’s estate, ca. 1823-1838. Arranged chronologically.

William Holt Averell. Boxes 82.3 – 82.7.

Business, legal, and personal papers of William Holt Averell, ca. 1808-1873. These include papers relating to Averell’s education, law practice, and business ventures. Although the papers are generally arranged chronologically, some documents are filed individually within the chronological organization. These include Averell’s law notes (ca. 1817), papers relating to various cases, and some correspondence, among other documents. Undated documents are grouped by subject when possible and filed at the end of the dated material. Other miscellaneous documents relating to William Holt Averell are at the end of this group as well.

Extended Family. Box 82.7.

Business, legal, and personal papers, as well as genealogical information relating to, or written by, members of William Holt Averell’s extended family (including his wife Jane’s family).

Business Associates, Clients, Land Speculation. Boxes 82.7 – 82.9.

Papers written by, and relating to, William Holt Averell’s business and legal associates, including those involved in land speculation. Much of this material consists of correspondence to Averell from various business associates. These papers are arranged by individual and organized chronologically within that arrangement.

Cotton Manufactories and Mills. Box 82.9.

Legal and business documents (including correspondence to William Holt Averell) concerning various cotton manufactories. The papers concern the Brownville Cotton Manufactory, Hope Factory, Otsego Cotton Manufactory, Union Cotton Manufactory, Pheonix Cotton Manufactory, and the Jefferson Cotton Manufactory. They are grouped by manufactory and arranged chronologically within the groups.

Miscellaneous Items. Box 82.10.

Includes some correspondence, papers regarding the Cooperstown Seminary, George Wright’s diploma from Dartmouth College, deeds and land papers, printed materials, nails from Averell Cottage (Cooperstown, N.Y.), and one map.

Jane Russell Averell. Box 82.11.

Letters to Jane Russell Averell from her husband, William Holt Averell, 1827-1832, and from others. This box also contains a description and transcripts of letters to Jane Russell Averell from Jane Maria Yates.

Volumes. 82.v1 – 82.v21.

Includes various account books, many being expense accounts, along with autograph albums, a court case, an inventory, genealogy, and other volumes.

Oversize (OVS+). 82.001 – 82.002.

Contains maps.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

New York State Historical Association – Research Library

Special Collections
P.O. Box 800, 5798 State Highway 80
Cooperstown, NY 13326
(607) 547-1470


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Accession Numbers

CM-010.39L, CM-013.39L, CM-173.39, NM-033.53, NM-034.53, NM-043.53, NM-102.53, NM-073.56, FM-001.59, FM-009.59, NM-114.66, NM-035.70, FM-010.71, FM-065.71, FM-066.71, FM-068.71 – FM-075.71, FM-150.73, NM-045.74

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Collection Inventory

 82.1 – Box 1
 82.1/1 – 82.1/31 — James Averell, Jr. papers. ca. 1794-1832.
 82.1/32 — Papers re: Cornelius Willegus, Ithaca Tannery. 1820s – 1833.
 82.2 – Box 2
 82.2/1 — James Averell, Jr. and W.H. Averell. 1811-1825.
 82.2/2 – 82.2/20 — James Averell III (including his will). 1811-1861.
 82.2/21 – 82.2/26 — Horatio Averell (including his estate). 1817-1854.
 82.2/27 – 82.2/32 — Lewis Averell (including his estate). 1818-1865.
 82.3 – Box 3
 82.3/1 — Marcia Averell Starkweather. 1810-1859.
 82.3/2 — Jane Maria Russell Averell Carter. 1843-1871.
 82.3/3 – 82.3/4 — Helen Starkweather Pinkney. 1851-1866.
 82.3/5 – 82.3/7 — Charles Lewis Averell. 1857-1866.
 82.3/8 – 82.3/9 — James G. Averell. 1835-1871.
 82.3/10 – 82.3/13 — William J. Averell. 1835-1871.
 82.3/14 – 82.3/15 — J. Watson Averell. 1853-1871.
 82.3/16 — Family letters to W.H. Averell (primarily from nieces).
 82.3/17 – 82.3/28 — William Cooper estate papers, including maps and lists (see also John Fine and DeKalb land papers, 82.8/7). 1822-1838.
 82.3/29 – 82.3/37 — William Holt Averell papers. ca. 1808-1817.
 82.4 – Box 4
 82.4/1 – 82.4/31 — William Holt Averell papers. 1817-1831.
 82.5 – Box 5
 82.5/1 – 82.5/30 — William Holt Averell papers. 1832-1845.
 82.6 – Box 6
 82.6/1 – 82.6/36 — William Holt Averell papers. 1846-1873.
 82.6/37 — William Holt Averell political papers. n.d.
 82.6/38 — William Holt Averell legal notes. n.d.
 82.6/39 — William Holt Averell papers, re: banking.
 82.6/40 — William Holt Averell papers, re: Otsego Hall.
 82.6/41 — William Holt Averell papers. n.d.
 82.6/42 — William Holt Averell papers. Receipts, etc.
 82.7 – Box 7
 82.7/1 — William Holt Averell papers. Miscellaneous.
 82.7/2 — William Holt Averell papers. Receipts and fragments.
 82.7/3 – 82.7/4 — Papers, probably of William Holt Averell.
 82.7/5 – 82.7/7 — Averell-Carter genealogy. Includes correspondence to Jane Russell Averell Carter concerning family history. 1870s – 1880s.
 82.7/8 — James Averell of Palmer, Massachusetts (William Holt Averell’s grandfather). ca. 1777-1793.
 82.7/9 — Winiple family papers. ca. 1790s.
 82.7/10 — Avery Averell papers. ca. 1796-1803.
 82.7/11 – 82.7/12 — Stephen Hogeboom papers, including estate papers (Jane Russell Averell’s grandfather). ca. 1785-1813.
 82.7/13 — The Russells of Claverack papers. ca. 1852-1863.
 82.7/14 — Lawson Carter papers. ca. 1852-1863.
 82.7/15 – 82.7/17 — William Stacy papers. 1832-1844.
 82.7/18 — William Campbell papers. 1838-1839.
 82.7/19 – 82.7/20 — Levi Turner papers. 1836-1864.
 82.7/21 – 82.7/22 — Miles Benjamin. 1811-1835.
 82.7/23 – 82.7/26 — Ralph McClintock. 1812-1837.
 82.7/27 — J. Watson Webb papers. 1839-1843, 1852.
 82.8 – Box 8
 82.8/1 — John D. Henry papers, land and financial. 1817-1820.
 82.8/2 – 82.8/3 — Letters from D.P. Clark. 1821-1837.
 82.8/4 — E. Bradford and H.L. Bradford papers. 1819-1821.
 82.8/5 – 82.8/6 — Thomas Waterman and Broome County land. 1822-1863.
 82.8/7 – 82.8/8 — John Gott, Albany, N.Y. 1828-1834.
 82.8/9 – 82.8/15 — Joel Scranton papers (including inventory). 1823-1857.
 82.8/16 – 82.8/27 — W.L. Carter papers. 1859-1866.
 82.8/28 – 82.8/31 — John Fine and DeKalb land papers. 1822-1867.
 82.9 – Box 9
 82.9/1 – 82.9/10 — Horace H. Comstock and Michigan land papers. 1833-1870.
 82.9/11 — Maps and surveys.
 82.9/12 — Land papers, etc.
 82.9/13 – 82.9/14 — Brownville Cotton Mfg. papers. 1826 – 1841.
 82.9/15 – 82.9/16 — Hope factory papers. 1819-1848.
 82.9/17 — Otsego County Cotton Mfg. papers. 1813-1831.
 82.9/18 – 82.9/19 — Union Cotton Mfg. papers. 1812-1846.
 82.9/20 — Phoenix Cotton Mfg. papers. 1822-1844.
 82.9/21 — Jefferson Cotton Mfg. papers. n.d.
 82.10 – Box 10 – numbered folders
 82.10/1 — Corrsepondence.
 82.10/2 — Papers re: Cooperstown Seminary.
 82.10/3 — George Wright’s diploma from Dartmouth College.
 82.10/4 — Land papers. 1888, 1894.
 82.10/5 — Deeds. 1799, 1813.
 82.10/6 — One issue of “The Narrative of James Williams, an American Slave,” in
The Anti-Slavery Examiner, n.d.
 82.10/7 – 82.10/9 — Printed materials including advertisements, brochures, tickets, broadsides, newspapers, reports, and other ephemera.
 82.10 – Box 10 – unnumbered items
1 envelope with nails from the Averell Cottage, Cooperstown, N.Y.
1 envelope containing newspapers. ca. 1825-1885.
1 envelope containing an unidentified map.
1 envelope containing a 1773 pamphlet defending the Colony of Connecticut’s land rights.
Zabriskie, Rev. F.N.
History of the Reformed P.D. Church of Claverack: A Centennial Address. Hudson, N.Y.: Stephen B. Miller, 1867.
Campbell, Rev. A.E. “A Sermon on the Death of Robert Campbell, Esq.” Preached in the First Presbyterian Church, Cooperstown, N.Y., 1848.
Carter, Lawson A.
Zola and the Theater. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1963.
 82.11 – Box 11
 82.11/1 – 82.11/2 — William Holt Averell letters to Jane Russell Averell (including letter from Jane to her mother). ca. 1827-1832.
 82.11/3 — Letters to Jane Russell from others. ca. 1823-1833.
 82.11/4 — “Albany’s Social Whirl, 1825-1832” (including transcripts of letters from Jane Maria Yates to Jane Russell Averell).
 82.v1 — Charles Cullin Carter cashbook. 1869-1872.
 82.v2 — Bible.
 82.v3 — Legal accounts. 1830.
 82.v4 — Carter household accounts. 1862-1865.
 82.v5 — Expenses / Jane Russell Carter. 1879-1881.
 82.v6 — Cashbook / Wm. L. Carle. 1856.
 82.v7 — Jane Augusta Maria Russell Averell autograph album.
 82.v8 — Jane Augusta Maria Russell Averell autograph album.
 82.v9 — Case before Common Pleas and Supreme Court. 1819-1837.
 82.v10 — William Holt Averell, Otsego County Bank book. 1848-1854.
 82.v11 — Travel expenses. ca. 1832-1837.
 82.v12 — Travel expenses. 1847-1850.
 82.v13 — Travel expenses. 1855-1856.
 82.v14 — William Holt Averell, Otsego County Bank book. 1859-1862.
 82.v15 — Accounts. 1860-1861.
 82.v16 — Averell, Waldby. Slayton genealogy.
 82.v17 — William H. Averell private records at Cleveland, Ohio. 1871-187?
 82.v18 — Inventory of the [goos?], chattels, and credits of William Stacy. 1864.
 82.v19 — Lands conveyed by Charles D. Raymond to George Pomeroy and Ann, his wife. ca. 1823-1859.
 82.v20 — Horace Comstock’s memorandum of purchases. 1836.
 82.v21 — William Holt Averell memorandum of land transactions. ca. 1839-1866.
Oversize (OVS+)
 82.001 — Maps.
 82.002 — Maps.

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